If you’re ever faced with a medical emergency, knowing how to respond can be the difference between life and death. Some emergencies require CPR and other life-saving measures, while other situations necessitate first aid. No matter what the circumstances call for, it’s imperative that everyone understands basic CPR and first aid because you never know when an emergency will happen.
CPR can help save a life if someone is experiencing cardiac arrest or another cardiac event. Additionally, first aid can help treat minor injuries until medical help arrives. If you don’t know how to do CPR or first aid, it’s important to learn. There are many CPR and first aid classes available, however, the easiest way to become certified is through online classes. You can get CPR and first aid certification online and with relative ease from the comforts of your own home. Even though there are more than 350,000 cardiac arrest emergencies in the United States each year, only about half of the population is trained to intervene in such an emergency with CPR.
Getting trained in CPR and first aid is the best way to prepare for an emergency. However, there are some things to consider when any kind of event arises. Let’s take a look at some ways to respond to common first aid emergencies.
Choking on food or other objects is one of the most common medical emergencies. When someone is choking, time is of the essence. You must act quickly to clear the person’s airway and restore normal breathing. If the person is coughing and can speak, encourage them to keep coughing. This will help to clear the airway. However, if they cannot speak or are not coughing, you will need to perform the Heimlich maneuver to dislodge the item.
To do the Heimlich maneuver, stand behind the person and wrap your arms around their waist. Bend them over at the waist and clasp your hands together. Then thrust your clasped hands into the person’s abdomen, just above their navel. Repeat this thrusting motion until the object is expelled.
If the person is unconscious, you need to call 911 immediately. You will then need to lay the person on their back and perform CPR. First, you need to tilt the head back, and if a blockage is visible at the back of the throat or high in the throat, reach a finger into the mouth and sweep out the cause of the blockage. Don’t try a finger sweep if you can’t see the object. Be careful not to push the food or object deeper into the airway, which can happen easily in young children. Begin CPR if the object remains lodged, and the person doesn’t respond. The chest compressions used in CPR may dislodge the object. Continue CPR measures until help arrives.
From car accidents to household accidents, there are several reasons why someone might sustain an injury that results in a bleeding wound. If you’re not a medical professional, it is best to call 911 for emergency medical help. However, before help arrives, you can take steps to help stop the bleeding. Before attempting to help someone else who is bleeding, it is important that put on plastic gloves. You can use a clean cloth, bandage, or even your hand to apply pressure to the wound. Do not lift the pressure to look at the wound, as this will only delay the healing process. If the wound is on an arm or leg, raise the limb above the level of the heart. This will help reduce the amount of blood flowing to the injury.
If available, a cold compress can help reduce swelling and pain. Wrap a cold pack, ice, or a bag of frozen vegetables in a cloth and press it against the wound. Keep a close eye on the victim’s condition while waiting for help to arrive. If the wound is life-threatening, it may be more difficult to treat and require special attention.
Medical emergencies can happen to anyone at any time. Knowing what to do in the event of a medical emergency can help to save a life. Receiving CPR and first aid training and certification is the best way to be prepared for any situation.